What is Capital Gain Tax on selling residential property and how to save capital gain taxes in India?

What is Capital Gain Tax on selling residential property and how to save capital gain taxes in India?

Capital gains tax in India,Selling residential property,Capital gains tax implications,Save on capital gains taxes

Selling a residential property can result in significant gains, but it’s critical to understand the consequences of capital gains tax in order to minimize your tax bill. This blog includes accurate and up-to-date information on capital gains tax in India as well as tax-saving measures.

Capital Gain Tax on Selling Residential Property

The profit made from the sale of a residential property is subject to capital gains tax. Based on the holding time of the property, it is divided into short-term capital gains (STCG) and long-term capital gains (LTCG).

Capital Gain Tax

The capital gains tax is levied on the profit made from the sale of a capital asset, such as a residential property.

Capital Gain Types

Capital GainsHolding PeriodTaxation
Short-term Capital Gains (STCG)Less than two yearsTaxed at applicable slab rates for individual taxpayers.
Long-term Capital Gains (LTCG)
More than two yearsTaxed at a flat rate of 20% with indexation benefits or 10% without indexation.

Capital Gain Tax Calculation

Long term

The sale price is subtracted from the indexed cost of acquisition.Cost of improvement incurred at the time of acquisition which are one time expenses(i.e. capital in nature) are also considered in calculating the capital gain. Tax is therefore imposed after calculating gain but not on the sale price.

 Short term

The sale price is subtracted from cost of acquisition and cost of improvement. Indexation benefit is available only on long term capital gain calculation. STCG is taxed at the applicable income tax rates, whereas LTCG is taxed differently.

Deductions and Exemptions

The Income Tax Act provides several exclusions and deductions to lessen the tax burden on capital gains.

Exemptions under Section 54

The LTCG from the sale of a residential property can be tax-free if it is reinvested in another residential property within certain timeframes. Only the amount of capital gain is to be reinvested not the entire sale proceeds. Amount of gain should not exceed 2 crores. The investment should be made one year before or two years after the sale is made. Gain can be re invested in property being constructed however such construction should be completed within 3 years from the date of sale. Exemption shall be revoked if new property is sold within 3 years of purchase.

Exemptions under Section 54F

Individuals who sell any asset other than a residence can claim an exemption by investing the capital gains in a housing property.

Deductions under Section 80C

Taxpayers can deduct their expenses by investing in specific avenues such as tax-saving fixed deposits, National Savings Certificates (NSC), or Public Provident Fund (PPF).

Capital Gains Tax Rates

Short-term Capital Gains Tax Rates

STCG is taxed at the applicable slab rates based on the taxpayer’s total income.

Long-term Capital Gains Tax Rates

Depending on the type of asset, LTCG is taxed at a flat rate of 20% with indexation advantages or 10% without indexation.

The Effect of Indexation on Long-Term Capital Gains Tax

Indexation provides for the adjustment of acquisition costs to account for inflation, lowering taxable long-term capital gains.

Tax Strategies for Capital Gains

Reinvesting in Residential Property

Use the Section 54 and Section 54F exemptions to reinvest capital gains in another residential property within the timeframes indicated.

Purchasing Capital Gains Bonds

Consider investing in certain bonds under Section 54EC to benefit from LTCG tax benefits.

Exemptions and Deductions

Explore all applicable exemptions and deductions, such as those under Sections 54, 54F, 54EC, and 80C, to maximize tax savings.

Property Sale Timing

Plan your property sale carefully to take advantage of exemptions and indexation benefits based on the holding term.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long must you retain the property in order to avoid capital gains tax?

To avoid paying capital gains tax on the sale of a residential property in India, you must hold it for at least two years. If the property is kept for less than two years, the gains are considered short-term capital gains (STCG) and are taxed accordingly.

How can I avoid paying capital gains taxes?

While it is not possible to avoid capital gains taxes entirely, there are acceptable ways for reducing the tax liability:
i) Reinvesting in Residential Property
ii) Purchasing Capital Gains Bonds
iii) Property Sale Timing
iv) Taking Advantage of Exemptions and Deductions

Can capital gains taxes be offset by losses from other transactions?

Yes, capital gains can be offset by losses from other capital asset transactions, both short and long term. This is known as “set-off,” and it can assist minimize taxable capital gains.

Is the capital gains tax rate the same for residents and non-residents?

No, capital gains tax rates in India differ for resident and non-resident taxpayers. Non-resident individuals and foreign corporations may be subject to differing capital gains tax rates and rules.

Is there any tax relief for inherited property?

Yes, if you inherit a property, the holding period for calculating capital gains begins on the date of acquisition by the previous owner. Furthermore, Section 54 or Section 54F exemptions may be available if you sell the inherited property and reinvest the revenues within the required time frames.

Can a tax professional assist with capital gains tax planning?

Yes, engaging a tax professional, such as a chartered accountant or tax counselor, can provide important guidance in capital gains tax planning and optimization. They may examine your individual position, make recommendations, and guarantee that you are in conformity with tax rules. Tax Vic provides such assistance.

To maintain compliance with tax regulations and optimize tax savings, it is critical to discuss with a tax specialist or chartered accountant for specialized guidance based on your individual circumstances.


Understanding the complexities of capital gains tax on the sale of residential property in India is critical for minimizing tax liability. By becoming acquainted with the exemptions, deductions, and techniques discussed in this thorough guide, you may make informed judgments to save on capital gains taxes. However, it is always advisable to obtain expert guidance to maintain compliance and optimize tax savings depending on your specific circumstances.