TDS on Sale of Property in 2023: A Complete Guide

tds on sale of property

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a technique developed by the Indian government to collect taxes at the moment of transaction, assuring a consistent inflow of income. This blog seeks to provide a complete reference to understanding TDS on sale of property in 2023, including an overview, significance, applicability, and extent.

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source)

TDS is a mechanism in which the payer deducts a percentage of the payment as tax before distributing it to the receiver. This tax is subsequently deposited with the government by the payer. It is a method of collecting taxes in advance in order to ensure tax compliance.

The Importance of TDS on Property Sales

TDS on property sales is critical since it prevents tax avoidance and ensures the government collects its rightful taxes. It also makes tax collection easier by dividing responsibilities between the buyer and seller.

TDS Applicability and Scope

TDS on property sales applies to both residential and commercial assets. It is governed by Section 194-IA of the Income Tax Act of 1961 and applies when the transaction value exceeds a defined level (50 Lacs). TDS (at the rate 1%) must be deducted and remitted to the government by the buyer. If the property is being sold jointly, the threshold restriction applies independently to each co-owner.

Understanding TDS on Property Sale

What is TDS on Property Sale?

The duty to deduct a specified percentage of the transaction value as tax at the time of property transfer is known as TDS. TDS must be deducted and deposited with the government by the buyer.

Section 194-IA of the Income Tax Act of 1961 outlines the legal provisions for TDS on property sales. This provision requires the buyer to deduct TDS when paying the vendor and deposit it with the government within the time frame indicated.

Responsibilities of the Seller

Acquiring a PAN (Permanent Account Number)

The vendor must obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) and submit it to the buyer. PAN is a unique identity issued by the Income Tax Department that is required for TDS compliance.

Capital Gains Calculation

The seller is responsible for determining the capital gains on the sale of the property. Capital gains are calculated using the sale price, the indexed cost of purchase, and any applicable deductions.

Income Tax Return Filing

To report the capital gains and pay any additional tax liability resulting from the property sale, the seller must submit an income tax return.

Seller’s Payment of TDS

Unlike the usual TDS principle, the seller of the property is not compelled to deduct TDS. Instead, the buyer deducts and deposits the TDS amount. However, the seller must verify that the buyer meets their TDS responsibilities.

TDS Certificate Issuance

The seller should guarantee that they receive the TDS certificate (Form 16B) as proof of tax deduction after receiving the TDS payment from the buyer. This certificate must be issued by the buyer.

Responsibilities of the Buyer

Property Sale TDS Deduction

TDS at the applicable rate (currently 1%) must be deducted by the buyer from the total payment provided to the vendor. The deduction should be done when the credit or payment is made, whichever comes first. If the value of property is more than 50 lacs then tds should be deducted from the first installment or partial payment whatever it is, one should not wait for the amount to reach 50 lacs to deduct the TDS under this section.

TDS Rates for Different Buyer Categories

The appropriate TDS rate for property sales in 2023 is 1% for individual and HUF buyers. TDS is 2% for all other categories of buyers, including corporations.

TDS Return Filing

The buyer must file TDS returns and submit Form 26QB to the Income Tax Department by the deadlines stated. Form 26QB contains information about the property transaction, TDS deduction, and other pertinent matters. You can do it yourself if you are sure about the provisions of TDS otherwise it is wise to take help of a professional since it is not a costly compliance. 

TDS Certificate Issuance to the Seller

Within 15 days of the TDS return’s due date, the buyer must furnish the seller with a TDS certificate (Form 16B). The TDS certificate acts as documentation of tax deduction and allows the seller to claim credit for the TDS amount.

Deductions and Exemptions

Exemptions under Section 54 of the Income Tax Act

Section 54 exempts the seller from capital gains tax if the profits of the property sale are reinvested in another residential property within a defined time frame and other circumstances stipulated in the Act.

Long-Term Capital Gains Deductions

The seller can deduct long-term capital gains by investing in certain bonds (Section 54EC) or using the capital gains amount to start a new firm (Section 54GB).

TDS Procedures

TDS Payment and Return Deadlines

The buyer’s TDS must be deposited with the government within seven days after the end of the month in which it was deducted. Form 26QB should be used to file TDS returns quarterly.

Correct TDS Amount Calculation

The TDS should be computed based on the total consideration paid for the property, including all transaction charges but excluding taxes such as GST. The TDS should be deducted from the seller’s payment.

Forms 26QB and 16B

The buyer files TDS returns using Form 26QB, while the seller receives Form 16B as confirmation of tax deduction. Both forms are electronically submitted to the Income Tax Department.

Noncompliance Penalties

Noncompliance with TDS requirements may result in penalties and interest. TDS penalties and legal ramifications might result from late filing or non-payment. 

Interest for TDS not deducted

1% per month or part thereof from the date on which tds was to be deducted to the date when tds actually got deducted

Interest for TDS deducted but not paid

1.5% per month or part thereof from the date on which TDS was to be deposited to the date when it actually got deposited.

Even for a delay of one day, you end up paying interest for the whole month. For example: you deducted TDS in May month and deposit by 8th of June, you would have to pay interest for both June or July. That is why it is mentioned “month or part thereof”.

Penalty for late filing of 26QB

 Penalty is Rs.200 per day till default continues. However the total penalty cannot exceed the amount of tds. For loan period default such as more than a year , your penalty calculation would be done by your income tax assessing officer.

Therefore, it is critical to follow the schedules and processes that have been established.

Non-Resident Sellers and TDS

NRI Sellers’ TDS Obligations

If the seller is a Non-Resident Indian (NRI), the buyer must deduct TDS and complete the duties outlined in Section 195 of the Income Tax Act. TDS rates and other provisions for NRIs may differ.

Acquiring a Tax Clearance Certificate (TCC)

Before selling a property, NRIs may need to get a Tax Clearance Certificate (TCC) from the Income Tax Department. This certificate guarantees that all tax responsibilities have been satisfied prior to the transaction’s completion.

The Impact of Double Taxation Agreements (DTAA)

The DTAA is a treaty signed by India and other nations to prevent double taxation. NRIs can take use of DTAA provisions to lower their tax burden and claim relief if they have already paid taxes in another nation.

Read more: TDS on Property Sale for NRI

TDS and Joint Ownership

TDS Requirements for Shared Properties

If the property is owned jointly, the TDS maximum of ₹ 50 lakh applies to each co-owner separately. The buyer must deduct TDS in proportion to each co-owner’s ownership share.

Determining TDS Liability in a Joint Venture

The TDS liability should be computed using the amount paid to each co-owner. The buyer must deduct TDS separately for each co-owner and produce separate TDS certificates (Form 16B) as a result.

TDS Adjustments and Refunds

TDS Refund Claiming Procedure

If the TDS deducted exceeds the actual tax liability, the seller may be entitled to a refund by filing an income tax return. The excess TDS amount can be offset against other tax liabilities or refunded.

TDS Adjustments Against Tax Liabilities

The seller can offset the buyer’s TDS deduction against their overall tax liability for the fiscal year. When determining the final tax liability, the TDS amount should be considered.

Common Problems and Solutions

Common TDS difficulties include inaccurate TDS deduction, non-issuance of TDS certificates, and anomalies in TDS returns. These concerns can be resolved with proper communication and collaboration between the customer and supplier.


TDS on property sales is an important tax compliance requirement aimed at streamlining the tax collection process and preventing tax evasion. Buyers and sellers must be aware of their respective obligations and follow the TDS regulations established in the Income Tax Laws in India. Stay up to date on the newest developments and, if necessary, get professional help to efficiently negotiate the complexity of TDS on property sales.

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