Business Tax Returns for Private Limited Companies in India

Business Tax Returns for Private Limited Companies in India

Business Tax Returns for Private Limited Companies in India

Private limited companies and other businesses must file business tax returns in India. These returns provide details of a company’s financial activities and tax requirements. Understanding the process and following deadlines are required for all private limited companies to operate legally and avoid penalties.

What are Business Tax Returns?

Business tax returns are yearly filings submitted to the government that account for a company’s income, expenses, and taxable profit and determine its tax liability for the year.

What is Business Income Tax?

Business income tax is a government tax evaluated on a business’s net taxable income. The tax rate depends on the business’s legal structure, such as a sole proprietorship, corporation, or partnership.

Taxable Income

Any revenue received by a private limited business, including:

  • Revenue from sales and services
  • Interest income
  • Rental income
  • Capital gains

Tax Slabs and Rates

  • Companies with a turnover below Rs. 400 crore in the prior financial year are subject to a corporate tax rate of 25%.
  • Companies with a turnover above Rs. 400 crore face a 30% tax rate.

Surcharge and Cess

  • Furthermore, companies must pay a surcharge of 7% on income tax liability.
  • Health and Education Cess of 4% is charged on the income tax and surcharge.

Choosing the Right ITR Form for Business Tax Returns

Private limited companies use specific ITR forms to file their returns:


Applicable for companies with a turnover exceeding Rs. 5 crore or those engaged in international transactions.


Applicable for companies with a turnover below Rs. 5 crore and not involved in international transactions.

Key Differences Between ITR-6 and ITR-7

Turnover LimitExceeds Rs. 5 croreBelow Rs. 5 crore
International TransactionsYesNo
Schedule of Foreign Assets and LiabilitiesMandatoryNot Applicable
Schedule of Foreign IncomeMandatoryNot Applicable
ComplexityLess complexIt is more complex, requiring detailed reporting of income and expenses.
Audit RequirementAudit report required for companies exceeding Rs. 10 croreAudit report mandatory

Steps for Filing Business Tax Returns

Documents and financial records

  • Bank statements
  • Invoices and receipts
  • Payroll records
  • Depreciation schedules
  • Investment documents

Calculating taxable income and deductions

  • Deducting allowable expenses from gross income to determine taxable income.
  • Businesses are eligible for several deductions, including:
    • Devaluation of assets
    • Rental and utility costs
    • Research and development expenditures
    • Salary expenses

Online filing process through the Income Tax portal

  • The Income Tax Department provides an online portal for filing returns.
  • Companies can upload required documents and submit returns electronically.

Due dates and penalties for late filing

  • The deadline for filing company tax returns is September 30th of the financial year.
  • Late filing attracts penalties, starting from Rs. 100 per day for delay.

Critical Elements of Business Tax Returns

Income Sources

  • Sales revenue
  • Interest income
  • Rental income
  • Capital gains
  • Other income sources

Deductions and Exemptions

  • Business Expenses
  • Depreciation on assets
  • Research and Development expenses
  • Donations and charitable contributions

Tax Calculations

  • Apply the applicable income tax slab and rate to the taxable income.
  • Add surcharge and cess to calculate the final tax liability.

Due Dates and Penalties for Business Tax Returns

  • Filing Deadline: Companies must file their returns by September 30th of the assessment year.
  • Late Filing Penalties:
    • Interest on unpaid taxes
    • Penalty charges based on the delay period

Additional Considerations

Tax Benefits:

  • Lower tax rates for companies with small turnover
  • Under various sections of the Income Tax Act, exemptions and deductions are available.


  • Accurate and organised financial record-keeping is crucial for a smooth tax filing.

Professional Guidance:

Filing accurate and timely business tax returns is essential for private limited companies to comply with legal requirements and avoid penalties. Understanding income tax slabs, deductions, and filing procedures ensures proper tax management.

Expert Review

“Filing business tax returns can be complex for private limited companies. This guide provides a clear and concise outline of the process, making it easier for Indian businesses to comply with tax regulations.” – CA Reetu.

FAQs on Business Tax Returns

Is there a minimum turnover requirement for filing business tax returns?

No, regardless of their turnover, private limited corporations must file returns.

What happens if I file my business tax returns late?

Penalties for late submission begin at Rs. 100 per day and may even result in interest payments.

Can I revise my company’s tax return to correct something?

Yes, revised returns could be filed within a certain amount of time—generally, two years after the first filing deadline.

Is it mandatory to have my company’s accounts audited?

Businesses with annual revenue above Rs. 10 crore must include an audit report with their return.

What are some standard deductions that private limited companies can claim?

Some of the standard deductions are Payroll costs, utilities and rent, depreciation, charges for research & development, and professional fees.

Can my company claim tax benefits for startup investments?

Tax benefits such as exemptions from certain investments and reduced tax rates are available to qualified entrepreneurs.

What are the consequences of not maintaining accurate financial records?

Inaccurate tax estimates, fines, and other legal problems might result from inaccurate records.

Do I need to file separate tax returns for my company and its directors?

Directors file their income tax returns apart from the business’s tax return.

What happens to the excess tax paid after filing my return?

The Income Tax Department will reimburse any overpayment of taxes made by your company.

What are the benefits of seeking professional help with tax filing?

There are several benefits to seeking professional help with tax filing:

  • Save money: Tax professionals can find deductions and credits you miss while maximising your refund.
  • Reduce stress: They handle the financial complications, leaving you peace of mind.
  • Avoid errors: Professionals minimise mistakes that could lead to penalties.
  • Deal with complexity: If your tax situation is intricate, they can handle it effectively.

What are the deadlines for claiming refunds or carrying forward losses?

There are deadlines for filing tax returns and deferring losses to subsequent fiscal years.

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