Auditor Appointment Compliance – A New Private Limited Company in India Meeting Legal Requirements, Types of Audits, and ROC Forms

Auditor Appointment Compliance – A New Private Limited Company in India Meeting Legal Requirements, Types of Audits, and ROC Forms

Auditor Appointment Compliance Private Limited Company

Congratulations for forming your Indian private limited business! As a newly established private limited company, you should be aware of the many compliance obligations, particularly those concerning the auditor appointment. In this blog, we will look at the necessary Auditor Appointment Compliance for private limited companies, the different types of audits, the procedure for appointing an auditor, an auditor’s rights and obligations, the due date for the company’s audit, and the related ROC (Registrar of Companies) documents.

Mandatory Annual Compliance for a Private Limited Company

Appointment of Auditor

Appointing an auditor within 30 days of registration is one of the first stages for a newly established private limited business.

Annual General Meeting (AGM)

Hold the first AGM within 9 months after the fiscal year’s end.

Annual Financial Statements

Prepare and file financial statements with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) within 30 days of the AGM, including the Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Account.

Income Tax Return (ITR)

Returns on income must be filed by the due date. The deadline is determined by the company’s turnover and other variables.

ROC Annual Return

Within 60 days of the AGM, file an annual return with ROC. This includes information about the company’s shareholders, directors, and other important details.

Statutory Registers and Records

Maintain statutory registers and records in accordance with the Companies Act of 2013. These include the registration of members, the register of directors, and meeting minutes.

Types of Audits of a Private Limited Company

Statutory Audit

This is the primary and mandatory audit performed by a company-appointed external auditor. The goal is to ensure that the financial statements provide a true and fair picture of the company’s financial situation.

Internal Audit

While internal audits are not required for private limited corporations unless their turnover and borrowings exceeds 200 CR and 100 CR respectively, they can be used to analyze internal controls, policy compliance, and risk management.

Tax Audit

If the company’s turnover surpasses a specific threshold (as defined by the Income Tax Act), a tax audit may be required to guarantee that tax regulations are followed.

Procedure for Auditor Appointment

First Auditor

The Board of Directors normally appoints the first auditor of a newly registered private limited company within 30 days after establishment. The auditor appointed will serve until the first AGM.

Subsequent Auditor Appointments

Shareholders elect auditors at the annual meeting. If the shareholders fail to nominate an auditor, the Board has the authority to do so.

Rights and Duties of an Auditor

Rights of an Auditor

  • Access to the books, records, and documents of the company.
  • The right to request information and explanations from company officers.
  • The right to report any fraud, misappropriation, or irregularities to the members.

Duties of an Auditor

  • Examine and report on the financial statements of the company.
  • Check for conformity with accounting and auditing standards, as well as legal requirements.
  • Any material misstatements or fraud discovered during the audit should be reported.

ROC Forms for Audit Requirements

The following are the primary ROC forms relating to audit requirements:

Form ADT-1

This is used to file the auditor’s appointment within 15 days of being appointed.

Form AOC-4

This is used to submit the financial statements, which include the Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Account.

Form MGT-7

This is the annual return filed with ROC, which includes information on shareholders and directors.


Finally, meeting auditor appointment requirements is critical for a newly incorporated private limited business in India. It ensures openness, financial accuracy, and compliance with legal requirements. It is critical to be updated about audit compliance dates and procedures in order to prevent penalties and legal concerns. It is best to get professional assistance to traverse these requirements easily and quickly.